Die UEFA Europa League ist nach der UEFA Champions League der zweithöchste von der . Atlético Madrid (/10), FC Chelsea (/13) und FC Sevilla (/16), den UEFA-Pokal bzw. die UEFA Europa League zu gewinnen. 3. Juli Youngest scorers, oldest winners, most goals, biggest attendances, most 21 seasons of the UEFA Cup/UEFA Europa League since / Die Liste der UEFA-Europa-League-Endspiele enthält alle Finalbegegnungen seit Einführung des Wettbewerbs als UEFA-Pokal in der Saison /72 im.
Parma won the cup in , which ended the Italian club era. Liverpool won the competition for the third time in and Porto triumphed in the and tournaments, with the latter against Portuguese team Braga.
In , the cup returned to Spain with Valencia being victorious, and then Sevilla succeeded on two consecutive occasions in and , the latter in a final against fellow Spaniards Espanyol.
In , Sevilla won their third cup in eight years after defeating Benfica on penalties. UEFA had reportedly considered adding a third-tier competition since at least , believing that a bottom-level tournament could act as a means of giving clubs from lower-ranked UEFA member countries to have a chance of progressing to the later stages beyond the stages they traditionally would be eliminated in the Champions League and Europa League.
On 2 December , UEFA announced that the competition — provisionally known as "Europa League 2" or just "UEL2" — was to be launched as part of the —24 three-year competition cycle, with UEFA announcing that the new tournament would bring "more matches for more clubs and more associations".
After its return, the club could keep a four-fifths scale replica of the original trophy. Upon their third consecutive win or fifth win overall, a club could retain the trophy permanently.
A full-size replica trophy is awarded to each winner of the competition. Also a club that wins three consecutive times or five times overall will receive a multiple-winner badge.
The theme for the re-branded UEFA Cup competition was first officially unveiled at the Grimaldi Forum on 28 August before the —10 season group stage draw.
A new anthem created by MassiveMusic has been composed for the start of the —19 season. Qualification for the competition is based on UEFA coefficients , with better entrance rounds being offered to the more successful nations.
In practice, each association has a standard number of three berths, except:. Typically the teams qualifying via the league are those in the highest places not eligible for the UEFA Champions League ; however, the Belgian league awards one place via a playoff between First A and First B teams.
A team may qualify for European competitions through more than one route. The UEFA Europa League place is then granted to another club or vacated if the maximum limit of teams qualifying for European competitions is exceeded.
If a team qualifies for European competition through both winning a cup and league placing, the "spare" UEFA Europa League place will go to the highest placed league team which has not already qualified for European competition, depending on the rules of the national association, or vacated, if the described limit is reached.
The top three ranked associations may qualify for the fourth berth if both the Champions League and Europa League champions are from that association and do not qualify for European competition through their domestic performance.
In that case, the fourth-placed team in that association will join the Europa League instead of the Champions League, in addition to their other qualifying teams.
More recently, clubs that are knocked out of the qualifying round and the group stage of the Champions League can also join the UEFA Europa League, at different stages see below.
Formerly, the reigning champions qualified to defend their title, but since they qualify for the Champions League. Three nations had four places, five nations had three places, thirteen nations had two places, and eleven nations only one place.
Before , the entrance criteria of the last Fairs Cup was used. The competition was traditionally a pure knockout tournament.
All ties were two-legged , including the final. Starting with the —98 season , the final became a one-off match, but all other ties remained two-legged.
Before the —05 season , the tournament consisted of one qualifying round, followed by a series of knockout rounds. The sixteen non-qualifiers from the final qualifying round of the Champions League entered at the first round proper; later in the tournament, the survivors were joined by third-place finishers from the first group phase of the Champions League.
From the —05 season, the competition started with two knockout qualifying rounds held in July and August. Participants from associations ranked 18 and lower entered the first qualifying round with those from associations ranked 9—18 joining them in the second qualifying round.
Winners of the qualifying rounds then joined teams from the associations ranked 1—13 in the first round proper. In addition, non-qualifiers in the third qualifying round of the Champions League also joined the competition at this point along with the current title-holders unless they had qualified for the Champions League via their national league , for a total of 80 teams in the first round.
After the first knockout round, the 40 survivors entered a group phase, with the clubs being drawn into eight groups of five each. Unlike the Champions League group phase, the UEFA Cup group phase was played in a single round-robin format, with each club playing two home and two away games.
The top three teams in each of the eight groups qualified for the main knockout round along with the eight third-placed teams in the Champions League group phase.
From then on a series of two-legged knockout ties were played before a single-legged final, traditionally held on a Wednesday in May, exactly one week before the Champions League final.
The final is played in May, on the Wednesday ten days before the Champions League final. Qualification has changed significantly. Associations ranked 7—9 in the UEFA coefficients sent the cup winners and three two since —16 season other teams to the UEFA Europa League qualification, all other nations sent a Cup winners and two other teams, except Andorra and San Marino, who sent only a Cup winner and a runner-up, and Liechtenstein, who sent only a Cup winner.
Usually, the other teams will be the next highest ranked clubs in each domestic league after those qualifying for the UEFA Champions League, however France and England will continue to use one spot for their League Cup winner.
With the abolition of the Intertoto Cup , all participants of Europa League are qualified through domestic routes. Generally, the higher an association is ranked in the UEFA coefficients, the later its clubs start in the qualification.
Apart from the teams mentioned, an additional 15 teams eliminated in the Champions League third qualifying round are transferred to the Europa League play-off round, and the 10 losing teams in the Champions League play-off round are transferred to the Europa League group stage.
The 12 winners and the 12 runners-up in the group stage advanced to the knock out round, together with eight third-placed teams from the Champions League group stage.
In , the distribution was changed to broaden the appeal of the competition, namely through giving the Europa League champions a Champions League qualification berth, which has been used since.
More teams automatically qualify for the group stage. If cup winners had already qualified for European competition through league performance, their place through the league is vacated and goes to the best ranked teams not qualified for European competition, This means that the cup runners-up is no longer qualified through the cup route.
Beginning with the —19 tournament , all domestic champions eliminated in the qualifying rounds of the UEFA Champions League will transfer to the Europa League, rather than just teams that are eliminated in the third-qualifying and play-off rounds.
Europa League qualifying will also provide a separate champions route for these teams, allowing more opportunities for domestic league champions to compete against each other.
The announcement of the Europa League 2 , a tertiary competition which would serve to split off the lower-ranked teams in the Europa League to give them a greater chance to compete, included a document from UEFA listing their intentions for qualification to the Europa League from onwards.
Similar to the UEFA Champions League, the prize money received by the clubs is divided into fixed payments based on participation and results, and variable amounts that depend of the value of their TV market.
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Philips Stadion , Eindhoven. Stadion Crvena Zvezda , Belgrad. Portman Road , Ipswich. Constant Vanden Stock-stadion , Bryssel. Tannadice Park , Dundee.
San Paolo-stadion , Neapel. Stadio Partenio , Avellino. Stadio Giuseppe Meazza , Milano. Stadio delle Alpi , Turin. Stadio Ennio Tardini , Parma.
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